Restrictions on speech in a public forum also may be upheld if the expressive activity being regulated is of a type that is not entitled to full First Amendment protection, such as Obscenity. The government may impose more restrictions on free speech in limited public forums than in traditional public forums. International Society for Krishna Consciousness, 452 U. For example, state fair grounds are public premises that have not traditionally served as public forums.

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2d 298 (1981), the Court upheld regulations limiting the sale or distribution of religious materials to fixed locations on state fair grounds. Although it seems reasonable to assume that public premises owned and operated by the government are public forums, some are not.

The Court explained that the park district's object was to coordinate multiple uses of limited space; to assure preservation of park facilities; to prevent dangerous, unlawful, or impermissible uses; and to assure financial accountability for damages caused by an event.

It did not constitute subject-matter Censorship in any way.

The right, guaranteed by the First Amendment to the U. Constitution, to express beliefs and ideas without unwarranted government restriction. These so-called content-neutral laws are permissible if they serve a significant government interest and allow ample alternative channels of communication (see Perry).

Democracies have long grappled with the issue of the limits, if any, to place on the expression of ideas and beliefs. During the two centuries since the adoption of the First Amendment, the U. Supreme Court has held that some types of speech or expression may be regulated. It is not necessary that a content-neutral law be the least restrictive alternative, but only that the government's interest would be achieved less effectively without it (Ward v.

The dilemma dates back at least to ancient Greece, when the Athenians, who cherished individual freedom, nevertheless prosecuted Socrates for his teachings, claiming that he had corrupted young people and insulted the gods. At the same time, the Court has granted protection to some areas of expression that the Framers clearly had not contemplated.

The Framers of the Constitution guaranteed freedom of speech and expression to the citizens of the United States with the First Amendment, which reads, in part, "Congress shall make no law … When the government attempts to regulate the exercise of speech rights in traditional public forums, such as parks or public sidewalks, the U. Supreme Court examines whether the regulation restricts the content of the speech or merely regulates the time, manner, and place in which the speech is delivered.

abridging the freedom of speech." Almost since the adoption of the Bill of Rights, however, the judiciary has struggled to define speech and expression and the extent to which freedom of speech should be protected. If the law regulates the content of the expression, it must serve a compelling state interest and must be narrowly written to achieve that interest (Perry Education Ass'n v.

Some, like Justice , who felt that the Constitution allows some restrictions on speech under certain circumstances.